If your natural teeth are properly maintained, the removable partial denture can last many years but if some teeth deteriorate, move or are lost, this can result in problems or the inability to use your partial denture. Your remaining natural teeth must of course be thoroughly cleaned once or twice a day, ideally after breakfast and before bed using a soft tooth brush with fluoride tooth paste. Dental floss or other aides need to be used to clean between the teeth.
Because food, plaque, bacteria and mineral deposits stick to dentures it is critical to thoroughly scrub, clean and disinfect your denture every day and desirable to rinse your mouth and denture after each meal. Clean your denture over a sink full of water or a towel. If the denture is dropped, it will fall into the water or onto the towel and not chip or break. Scrub the outside and inside surfaces of the denture using a denture brush. Toothpaste is not good to clean dentures as it is abrasive and will eventually wear the denture. Use denture cream or regular liquid hand or dishwashing soap.
Your dentures must be disinfected every day to kill bacteria and yeast that are associated with decay, gum disease, mouth infections and odor. Disinfection, stain and calculus removal is best accomplished by soaking the dentures in ‘Protech’ solution for 15-30 minutes daily, which can be obtained through our office. Alternatively, either ‘Efferdent’ or ‘Polident’ can be used, which are available from most drug or large food stores but are not as effective at stain and calculus removal. In either case, rinse the denture thoroughly afterward, before letting them soak in water overnight.
It is important to realize that partial dentures do not last forever. Changes are slowly taking place in the bone and gums under the partial dentures. Experience shows that most partial dentures need to be refitted to the soft tissues of the mouth, approximately every one to three years, to help maintain stability and a good fit. When changes within the mouth are more significant such as tooth movements or tooth loss or if the partial denture framework no longer adequately fits the teeth, the dentures will require replacement. It is important to clean your teeth and partial denture thoroughly every day and have all of your teeth and removable partial denture regularly examined and cleaned.